Il prof. E.I. Guendelman, del Dipartimento di Fisica della Ben-Gurion University di Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israele, il giorno lunedi 23 febbraio 2009 alle ore 16:00, presso l'aula A del Dipartimento di Fisica di Trieste terra` un seminario dal titolo:
"Axions and Photons in a scalar QED language and its consequences: splitting, solitons and cosmic Stern Gerlach processes".
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The axion photon system in an external magnetic field, when for example considered with the geometry of the experiments exploring axion photon mixing (which can be represented by a 1+1 effective model), displays a continuous axion-photon duality symmetry in the limit in which the axion mass is neglected. The conservation law that follows from this symmetry is obtained. The magnetic field interaction is seen to be equivalent at first order to the interaction of a complex charged field with an external electric potential, where this ficticious "electric potential" is proportional to the external magnetic field. This allows one to solve for the scattering amplitudes using already known scalar QED results. Axion photon oscillations can be understood as violations of a charge symmetry in the scalar QED language. Going beyond the linear theory, the axion photon system in a self consistent magnetic field is shown, using this formalism, to have interesting soliton solutions that represent new non gravitational ways of trapping light. Finally, generalizing the scalar QED formalism to 2+1 dimensions makes it clear that a photon and an axion split into two components in an inhomogeneous magnetic field, an effect that reminds us of the Stern Gerlach experiment, which can lead to observable consequences in the light comming from magnestars.